DIŞ TİCARET REJİMİNDEKİ DEĞİŞİMLERİN İTHALATIN FİYAT VE GELİR ESNEKLİKLERİ ÜZERİNE ETKİSİ
Foreign frade policies applied to achieve economic growth and structural changes in the economies have an important role. The implications of these policies the determination of the direction, composition, and volume of imports have affected on the price and income elasticities of imported goods. Therefore, the import policies must be analyzed with regards to the price and income elasticities. Industrialization strategies in Turkey switched from import oriented growth due to the 24th January 1980 Economic Stability Programme to export oriented growth and hence, import policies were liberalized in 1984, 1990, and 1992. The aim of this study is to analyze and determine the effects of the liberalization on price and income elasticities. To do this, price and income elasticities are computed for mentioned periods , considering chemical and related products, manufactured goods classified chiefly by material, and machinery and transport equipment (respectively, 5, 6, and 7 numbered goods on SITC Rev. II).