Oligarchy as a Trade Union Default Setting: A Structural Re-examination of Union Democracy in Turkey

Öz From the earliest days of the labor movement, rank-and-filemembers’ supposed democratic control over their trade unions has been aconstant problem due to certain sociological factors that reinforce oligarchyin organizations, and the five-decade Turkish experience of free unionism hasproven to be no exception to this general tendency. This article first of alldiscusses the basics of union democracy as a concept and clarifies thefundamental difficulties for its consolidation. Secondly, it examines thepost-1982 Turkish context of unionism structurally and procedurally on theissues of centralism, union organs, delegation and workplace representation,and asserts that the union organizational structure in Turkey furtherreinforces oligarchical rule, preventing the emergence of opposition andleadership contention within large unions. It also discusses the currentstructural provisions that support or hinder union democracy in a direct mannerunder the Trade Unions and Collective Labor Agreements Act No. 6356 regime incomparison to the former union laws. 

Kaynakça

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