Turkey has recently become a centre of attraction, deliberation and debate in world politics particularly in relation to its newfound dynamism and activism in foreign policy behavior. Having adopted a vigorous and multidimensional foreign policy approach instead of apathy and traditionalism in foreign policy, Turkey has come to embrace and implement a vital and powerful political position in regional and global politics. The architect of this new foreign policy, Ahmet Davutoglu, has put to the test a new political vision as a novel approach, which was embraced and criticized by many inside and outside the country. It is in this context that the subject of this study emerges: exploring the practical and theoretical aspects of Turkey’s newfound vision in foreign policy behavior. The study introduces the concept of Strategic Culture and employs the theoretical framework of Iain Johnston. Turkey’s new strategic culture and its reflections in foreign policy constitute the main body and study area of the study.