KENTSEL İKLİM YÖNETİŞİM KAPASİTESİNİN DEĞERLENDİRMESİ: TÜRKİYE BÜYÜKŞEHİR BELEDİYELER ÖRNEĞİ

Düşük karbonlu topluma ulaşmak için gerekli emisyon kontrol ve azaltım girişimleri yerel, ulusal ve uluslararası düzeyde dikey ve yatay olarak kamu ve kamu dışı otoriteler arasında işbirliği ve kapasite oluşturmayı gerektirmektedir. Özellikle, iklim değişikliği konusunda yerel düzeyde alınan önlemler önem arz etmektedir. Bu amaçla makale, Türkiye’deki büyükşehir belediyelerinin kendi kendini yönetme (self-governance), tedarik (provision), etkinleştirme (enabling) ve düzenleme (regulation) dahil olmak üzere yönetişim biçimleri çerçevesinde yerel iklim koruma girişimlerini incelemektedir. Yerel iklim koruma eylemlerinin başarı düzeyini belirlemek amacıyla belediyelerin yıllık faaliyet raporları ve stratejik planları için azaltma (mitigation) ve adaptasyon (uyum) dahil olmak üzere farklı kentsel politika sektörleri ile içerik analizi uygulanmıştır. Çalışma, Türkiye büyükşehir belediyelerindeki yerel iklim değişikliği azaltma faaliyetlerinin sıkılıkla kentsel altyapı ve ulaşım sektörlerinde tedarik biçimi ile gerçekleştirildiği sonucuna varmıştır.

ASSESSING CAPACITY OF URBAN CLIMATE GOVERNANCE: A CASE FROM TURKISH METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITIES

Emission control and reduction initiatives required to achieve low carbon society necessitate collaboration and capacity building between the public and non-public authorities vertically and horizontally at the international, national and local level. In particular, measures taken at the local level are important on the issue of climate change. To this end, this paper examines local climate protection initiatives of the metropolitan municipalities in the framework of modes of governance including self-governance, provision, enabling and regulation in Turkey. Content analysis with distinct urban policy sectors including mitigation and adaptation for Annual Action Reports and Strategic Plans of the municipalities was applied to determine the level of achievement for local climate protection actions. The study concludes that the local climate change mitigation activities are frequently implemented by provision modes in the sector of urban infrastructure and transportation in the Turkish metropolitan municipalities. 

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