The Caucasus has aroused interest along the history as a geographical region that has gathered a lot of ethnic groups and cultures in her structure. Turcology researches for the aucasus are also necessary for solution of the ethno-politic problems that have appeared recently in the Caucasus. According to the State Committee on Statistic of Russia (Goskomstat Rossii), 37 different Turkic ethnic groups are living in Russia. Eleven of these groups are not originally from Russia. They are from regions such as middle-Asia, Caucasus and the Crimea, which are outside of Russia. Other than the mentioned groups, which are immigrants, 26 other Turkic groups have a region of their own in Russia. The usage of the mother tongue among Turkic groups in their homeland in Russia and in other parts of Russia is quite noteworthy. Especially, Turkic Groups living in the Siberian region as small groups speak their mother tongues less than they used to. It is a fact that a community, which forgets its mother tongue, will also lose their values rapidly and die out in a short time. In this paper, information of Karapaph-Terekeme Turks’ ethnic identities, the etymology of their names, their place in history and Turkish geographies which they still exist has been given. Their folk culture and beliefs has also been comparatively studied.