INDUSTRY 4.0 FROM LOGISTICS FIRMS’ PERSPECTIVE
In 18th century the first industrial
revolution started with water- and steam-powered mechanical manufacturing.
Following this era, comes industry 2.0 with the use of electricity and mass
production. In 1970’s wide spread computerization and automation started the
industry 3.0 era. Currently we are talking about a new are, industry 4.0, which
enables communication between humans and also things, machines, though
Cyber-Physical-Systems (CPS).The concept industry 4.0 although have been
brought up in Germany, with the promises of the concept and todays increasing
demand in cost effectiveness, flexibility, sustainability draw considerable
interest globally. Industry 4.0 era will lead to breakthrough chances in
business world. As the technologies of this era enables ubiquitous presence and
real time information about each single piece of a process it has been used in
many firms in developed countries for some time. With the current and potential
benefits of industry 4.0 , especially logistics sector cannot ignore the applications
of this era. In this study the perspective of logistics firms in Turkey to the
concept industry 4.0 is evaluated. 7 different logistics firms operating in
Istanbul Turkey ranging from SMEs to international firms were contacted and
their point of view about this new era and their applications were evaluated. A
SWOT analysis is conducted according to the firms’ evaluations.
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