An Investigation Of The Relationships Between Self-Compassion, Motivation, And Burnout With Structural Equation Modeling[English]

Bu araþtýrmanýn amacý öz-duyarlýk, motivasyon ve tükenmiþlik arasýndaki iliþkileri incelemektir. Araþtýrma 357 komiser adayý üzerinde yürütülmüþtür. Araþtýrmada ölçme araçlarý olarak, Öz-duyarlýk Ölçeði (Akýn, Akýn, & Abacý, 2007), Motivasyon Ölçeði (Onur, 1998) ve Maslach Tükenmiþlik Ölçeði (Maslach & Jackson, 1981; Ergin, 1992) kullanýlmýþtýr. Öz-duyarlýk, motivasyon ve tükenmiþlik arasýndaki iliþkiler korelasyonla incelenmiþ, hipotez modeli yapýsal eþitlik modeliyle test edilmiþtir. Veriler LISREL 8.54 and SPSS 11,5 programlarýyla analiz edilmiþtir. Korelasyondan elde edilen bulgular, öz-duyarlýðýn özsevecenlik, paylaþýmlarýn bilincinde olma ve bilinçlilik alt boyutlarýnýn motivasyonla pozitif, öz-yargýlama ve izolasyon boyutlarýnýn ise motivasyonla negatif iliþkili olduðunu ortaya koymuþtur. Tükenmiþliðin duygusal tükenme ve duyarsýzlaþma boyutlarý motivasyonla negatif, kiþisel baþarý boyutu ise motivasyonla pozitif iliþkili bulunmuþtur. Yapýsal eþitlik modelinden elde edilen uyum indeksleri modelin iyi uyum verdiðini göstermiþtir (x2=34.04, df=27, p=0.00, RMSEA=.027, NFI=.98, CFI=1.00, IFI=1.00, RFI=.97, GFI=.98, AGFI=.96, and SRMR=.038). Path analizi sonuçlarý, öz-duyarlýðýn öz-sevecenlik, paylaþýmlarýn bilincinde olma ve bilinçlilik boyutlarýnýn motivasyonu pozitif, öz-yargýlama ve izolasyon boyutlarýnýn ise motivasyonu negatif yordadýðýný ortaya koymuþtur. Ayrýca motivasyon duygusal tükenme ve duyarsýzlaþmayý negatif, kiþisel baþarýyý ise pozitif yordamýþtýr. Bulgular literatür doðrultusunda tartýþýlmýþtýr.

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SELF-COMPASSION, MOTIVATION, AND BURNOUT WITH STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING

The aim of this research was to investigate the relationships between selfcompassion, motivation, and burnout. The participants were 357 police chief candidates, who completed a questionnaire package that included Self-compassion Scale (Akýn, Akýn, & Abacý, 2007), Motivation Skills Scale (Onur, 1998), and Maslach Burnout Scale (Maslach & Jackson, 1981; Ergin, 1992). The relationships between self-compassion, motivation, and achievement goals were examined using correlation analysis and the hypothesis model was tested through structural equation modeling. Data were analyzed by LISREL 8.54 and SPSS 11.5. Findings demonstrated that self-kindness, awareness of common humanity, and mindfulness related positively and self-judgment and isolation related negatively to motivation. In addition, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization negatively and personal accomplishment associated positively with motivation. Also results from structural equation modeling showed that the model fitted well (x2=34.04, df=27, p=0.00, RMSEA=.027, NFI=.98, CFI=1.00, IFI=1.00, RFI=.97, GFI=.98, AGFI=.96, and SRMR=.038). According to this model, motivation was predicted positively by self-kindness, awareness of common humanity, and mindfulness and was predicted negatively by self-judgment and isolation. Further emotional exhaustion and depersonalization were predicted negatively and personal accomplishment was predicted positively by motivation. Results were discussed in the light of the literature.

Kaynakça

Akýn, Ü., Akýn, A., & Abacý, R. (2007). Öz-duyarlýk Ölçeði: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çaliþmasi.Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eðitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 33, 1-10.

Boehm, B. W. (1981). Software engineering economics. Advances in computing science andtechnology series. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Deci, E. L. & Ryan, R. M. (1991). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in humanbehavior. In Steers, R.M. & Porter, L.W. (Eds.) Motivation and work behavior (pp.44-58), New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.

Ergin, C. (1992). Doktor ve hemþirelerde tükenmiþlik ve Maslach Tükenmiþlik Ölçeði’ninuyarlanmasý, VII. Ulusal Psikoloji Kongresi Bilimsel Çalýþmalarý, Ankara: TürkPsikologlar Derneði Yayýnlarý, 143-154.

Gunaratana, V. H. (1993). Sati. In mindfulness in plain English. Somerville, MA: WisdomPublications.

Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structuralanalysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural EquationModeling, 6, 1-55.

Joreskog, K. G., & Sorbom, D. (1996). LISREL8 reference guide. Lincolnwood, IL: ScientificSoftware International.

Martin, J. R. (1997). Mindfulness: A proposed common factor. Journal of PsychotherapyIntegration, 7, 291–312.

Maslach, C. & Jackson, S. E. (1981). The measurement of experienced burnout. Journal ofOccupational Behavior, 2, 99-113.

Maslach, C., & Leiter, M. P. (1997). The truth about burnout. Journal of OccupationalBehavior, 2, 99-115.

Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. A., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job burnout. Annual Review ofPsychology, 2, 397-422.Neff, K. D. (in press). Self-Compassion. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook ofIndividual Differences in Social Behavior. Guilford Press.

Neff, K. D. (2003a). Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitudetoward oneself. Self and Identity, 2(2), 85?102.

Neff, K. D. (2003b). The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion.Self and Identity, 2(3), 223?250.

Neff, K. D., Hsieh, Y., & Dejitterat, K. (2005). Self-compassion, achievement goals, andcoping with academic failure. Self and Identity, 4, 263?287.

Nisker, W. (1998). Mindfulness: The opposable thumb of consciousness (Chapter 3). InBuddha's nature: A practical guide to discovering your place in the cosmos (pp.26?30). New York: Bantam Books.

Onur, V. (1998). Yeterliðe dayalý lider yetiþtirme programýnýn etkililiði. Marmara Üniversitesi,Yayýmlanmamýþ doktora tezi.

Rosenberg, L. (1999). Breathing with the body (Chapter 1). In Breath by breath: The liberatingpractice of insight meditation (pp. 10-39). Boston: Shambala.

Shirom, A. (1989). Burnout in work organizations. In C. L. Cooper and I. Robertson (Eds.),International Review of Industrial Psychology (pp. 26-48). Wiley

50375 13116

Arşiv