FEN ÖĞRETİMİ VE ÖLÇME YAKLAŞIMLARININ ÖĞRENCİLERİN İLKÖĞRETİM FEN BAŞARISI ÜZERİNE ETKİSİ
Bu çalışmanın amacı, fen öğretim ve ölçme uygulamalarının ilköğretim düzeyindeki öğrencilerin
fen başarısına etkisini incelemektir. Çalışmada, Okul Öncesi Uzun Dönem Araştırması-Anaokulu Sınıfı 1998-
99 verileri (ECLS-K) kullanılmıştır. İlköğretim dönemi çocukların verilerini içeren bu çalışmaya ilişkin veri
seti 2004 yılında yayımlanmıştır. Öğrenci ve öğretmen düzeyi değişkenlerinden cinsiyet, sınıf ve fen öğretimi
ve ölçme tekniklerinin (üst düzey düşünme becerileri, fen etkinliklerine ayrılan zaman ve test tabanlı ölçme
uygulamaları gibi) öğrenci fen bilgisi başarısına etkilerini araştırmak amacıyla çoklu regresyon modeli
uygulanmıştır. Önerilen regresyon modeli, öğrencilerin fen bilgisi başarısındaki varyasyonun yaklaşık
%11’ini istatistiksel olarak önemli düzeyde açıklamıştır. Ayrıca, modelin açıklanmasında, tüm bağımsız
değişkenlerin etkisi istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bulunmuştur. Özellikle erkek öğrencilerin ve üçüncü sınıfların
fen başarısı kız öğrencilerden ve ikinci sınıflardan önemli düzeyde yüksektir. Ayrıca, öğretmenler alternatif
ölçme tekniklerini kullanmaya ve analiz, sentez ve değerlendirme gibi üst-düzey düşünme becerilerine
odaklandıklarında, öğrenciler fen dersinden daha fazla yararlanmıştır.
INFLUENCE OF SCIENCE TEACHING AND ASSESSMENT MODALITIES ON STUDENTS’ ELEMENTARY SCIENCE PERFORMANCE
The aim of the study is to investigate the influence of science instruction and assessment practices
on elementary level students’ science success utilizing the data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study,
Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K). The specific data set of the study regarding elementary school age
children’s variables was released in 2004. A multiple regression modeling technique was employed to explore
the effects of students and teacher level variables, including gender, grade level, science teaching and
assessment techniques (such as emphasizing higher-order thinking skills, the time allocated for science-related
activities, and test-based assessment practices) on students’ science achievement. Regression analysis of the
proposed model revealed that the model significantly explained about 11% of the variance on students’
science scale scores. Furthermore, all predictors significantly contributed and estimated students’ science
performance in the model. Specifically, the boys and the third graders had significantly higher mean science
scores than the girls and the second graders. Moreover, when teachers tend to implement alternative
assessment methods and focus more on higher-order skills such as analysis, synthesis, and evaluation in
science, students benefited more in science.
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