SOYUTTAN SOMUTA, SANALDAN GERÇEĞE: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARININ BAKIŞ AÇISIYLA ÜÇ BOYUTLU YAZICILAR

Öz Bu araştırmanın amacı sosyal bilgiler öğretmen adaylarının 3 boyutlu yazıcılar ve bu yazıcılar aracılığıyla alınan modellere ilişkin görüşlerini ve öğretmen adaylarının bakış açısıyla bu modellerin sosyal bilgiler dersine katkısını saptamaktır. Çalışmada nitel araştırma yaklaşımına dayalı olarak olgubilim deseni kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunun belirlenmesinde amaçlı örnekleme yöntemlerinden ölçüt örneklemeden yararlanılmıştır. Bu kapsamda araştırma, 2015-2016 güz yarıyılında bir devlet üniversitesinin Sosyal Bilgiler Öğretmenliği Programında öğrenim gören ve “Sosyal Bilgiler Ders Kitabı İncelemeleri” dersinde 3 boyutlu yazıcıyla ilişkilendirilmiş ders planı hazırlayan 20 öğrenciyle yarı yapılandırılmış görüşmeler aracılığıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Verilerin analizinde tümevarımsal analiz yaklaşımı benimsenmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda öğretmen adayları, üç boyutlu yazıcıları soyutu somuta dönüştüren, öğrenme-öğretme sürecini destekleyecek materyalleri kullanışlı bir biçimde üretilebilen, üçüncü boyutu öğrenme-öğretme sürecine katan, dokunma duyusunu harekete geçiren ve bu bağlamda kolaylık sağlayan devrimsel bir teknoloji olarak tanımlanmıştır.  Öğretmen adaylarının 3 boyutlu yazıcılar ve bu yazıcılar aracılığıyla alınan modellerin sosyal bilgiler dersine katkılarına yönelik değerlendirmelerinde de  “soyuttan somuta dönüşüm” etkisi ön plana çıkmıştır. Araştırmada elde edilen sonuçlar doğrultusunda öğretmen adaylarının, 3 boyutlu yazıcılar konusunda bilgi ve deneyim kazanmalarına yönelik öneriler sunulmuştur.  

Kaynakça

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