Okulu Bırakmanın Önlenmesi Ve Önlemeye Yönelik Uygulamalar

Okulu býrakma (okul terki) yaygýn eðitsel problemlerden biridir. Bununla ilgili oraný azaltmak birçok ülkenin eðitsel önceliklerinden biri haline gelmiþtir. Gerçekte düþük okulu býrakma oraný, eðitim sisteminin kalitesinin bir göstergesi olarak alýnmaktadýr. Okulu býrakma olayýný azaltmayý ve okulu baþarýyla tamamlamayý hedefleyen; akademik baþarý programlarý, devam takibi uygulamalarý, psikolojik danýþmanlýk hizmetleri, okul sonrasý eðitsel kulüpler, akran öðreticiliði, özgeci davranýþ geliþtirme, davranýþ yönetimi, atýlganlýk eðitimi, mesleki eðitim, alternatif okul programlarý gibi birçok önleme ve müdahale uygulamalarý/programlarý bulunmaktadýr. Bu programlardan, okulu býrakma probleminin karmaþýk ve bütüncül doðasýna uygun olmasý ve de okul yöneticileri, öðretmenler, veliler, psikolojik danýþmanlar ve diðer eðitsel birimlerin ortak çabalarýný birleþtirici olmasý beklenmektedir

THE PREVENTION OF SCHOOL DROPOUT AND PRACTICES FOR PREVENTION

School dropout is one of the problems in general education and reducing the dropout rate has become an educational priority in a lot of countries. A low dropout rate is used as an indicator of the quality of the school system. There are a lot of prevention and interventation practices/programs aimed at dropout and succesful school completion such as; academic achievement programs, attendance mentoring, counseling services, after-school educational clubs, peer tutoring, prosocial skill development, behavior management training, positive assertiveness, vocational training and alternative school programs. It is expected that these programs must address the complex and interactive nature of the dropouts problem sufficiently and must be joined with the common efforts of educational agents such as administrators, teachers, parents, counselors and others. 

Kaynakça

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