OKUL ÖNCESİ DÖNEMDE HAZZI GECİKTİRME VE YARATICILIK ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİDE BİLİŞSEL ESNEKLİĞİN ARACI ROL

Öz Çalışmanın amacı, okul öncesi dönemdeki çocuklarınyaratıcılıkları ve hazzı geciktirme becerileri arasındaki ilişkiyi ve builişkide bilişsel esneklik ve kararlılığın aracı rolünü incelemektir.Araştırmanın çalışma grubu Bolu’daki okul öncesi kurumlara devam eden 4-5yaşlarında 83’ü erkek, 87’si kız 170 çocuktan oluşmaktadır. Araştırmadaçocukların hazzı geciktirme becerilerini ölçmek amacıyla Mischel ve Ebbesen(1970) tarafından geliştirilen ve arzu duyulan bir ödül için çocuğunbeklemesini gerektiren yöntem yardımıyla ölçülmüştür. Yaratıcılık ölçümü içinise çocuktan bir obje için farklı kullanımlar üretmesi yardımlı ve yardımsızgörev ile değerlendirilmiştir. Üretilen kullanımların kategorilere ayrılmasıyoluyla da esneklik ve kararlılık puanları hesaplanmıştır. Araştırmanınbulguları, çocukların yaratıcılıkları, esneklikleri, kararlılıkları ve hazzıerteleme sürelerinin birbiriyle anlamlı şekilde ilişkili olduğunugörstermektedir. Ayrıca çocukların yaratıcılıkları ve hazzı geciktirmebecerileri arasındaki ilişkide esnekliğin aracı değişken olduğu görülmüştür.Öte yandan bu ilişkide kararlılığın aracı rol oynamadığı görülmektedir.Bulgular literatür çerçevesinde tartışılmıştır. 

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